Chronology of the crisis in Libya

A little over six months of protests that led to civil war, Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi is about to be ousted after the entry of the rebels in Tripoli and arrested three of his children.

Here is a timeline of events leading to the conflict since the outbreak of the protest movement to end the dictatorship of Gaddafi, in power since 1969:


February 16 – Start of protests against the regime of Gaddafi in Benghazi, Libya’s second city, prompting clashes between police and protesters after the arrest of human rights activist Fethi Tarbela, who worked on the release of political prisoners.

Libyan officials offer double pay and free 110 Islamic militants in an attempt to stop the protests.

February 17 – Demonstrations spread in five cities, clashes with groups loyal to Gaddafi, who killed at least 20 dead.

February 18 – First Army drastic action against the growing protests. Only 35 deaths were reported Benghazi.

February 20 – Protests in Tripoli. Seif al-Islam Gaddafi, son of his father, proclaims that the country will remain in charge of the army-backed.

February 21 – Divisions in Qadhafi’s regime and several ministers and diplomats are beginning to resign, soldiers and air force pilots defect.

February 22 – Gaddafi warns he will not resign and said that foreign forces are behind the protests and promises to quell the rebellion.

The Arab League suspended the participation of Libya in its meetings.

February 23 – Opposition to Qaddafi gaining ground and take control of Benghazi and other eastern cities of Libya, after army units join the revolt.

February 24 – Insurgents come to Tripoli. Al Qaeda blamed Gaddafi protests in his country. Switzerland froze the accounts of the Libyan regime.

February 25 – Gaddafi promises to triumph over his enemies and calls his followers to defend the country. United States and the European Union announced sanctions.

February 26 – The UN Security Council approves sanctions against Gaddafi: total arms embargo, freezing of assets of the regime abroad and the prohibition to members of the Libyan government to travel abroad.

February 27-United States asks Gaddafi to leave power without bloodshed and Libyan opposition announced the creation of a National Transitional Council (CNT).

February 28 – Washington and London frozen Libyan government assets. The European Union has adopted an arms embargo on Libya. Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez intends to create mediation group to resolve crisis in Libya.


1 Mar – Libya Suspends UN Human Rights Council. U.S. and UK consider the option of military intervention in Libya. France rejects the action without UN mandate. Gaddafi threatens to bomb rebel stronghold of Zauiya.

2 Mar – Report at least six people dead since the start of the crackdown. Gaddafi challenges the UN and NATO to investigate the deaths and threatens to “thousands of deaths” if Washington and the Atlantic alliance enter Libya. U.S. warships move to Libya.

3 Mar – The International Criminal Court investigate Qaddafi, his sons and associates for alleged crimes against humanity. U.S. warships are located off the coast of Libya.

10 Mar – France recognizes the CNT as the legitimate representative of the Libyan people, while launching a counter-Gaddafi against rebels in Ras Lanuf.

17 Mar – The Security Council approves UN resolution 1973 to establish a no-fly zone over Libya, including authorizing the use of force to protect civilians, but excluding any involvement in Libyan soil.

19 Mar – After holding the “Paris Summit” begins military intervention and the first round of airstrikes against the Libyan air defenses.

21 Mar – The international force Tripoli bomb destroys a building Gaddafi’s palace and gets his troops to withdraw from Benghazi.

22 Mar – Discrepancies in NATO about its role in operations. He agrees to use naval resources to implement the arms embargo.

Mar 27 – NATO takes over the operation “Unified Guard”.

29 Mar – International Conference Held in London and agreed to create a contact group that includes 20 countries to coordinate efforts in Libya that Gaddafi once he left office.


Apr 7 – A NATO air strike causes 50 deaths in Brega.

Apr 10 – NATO begins the biggest offensive in three weeks in which dozens die in Ajdabiya Gaddafi loyalists.

19 Apr – UN fails to open a humanitarian corridor in Tripoli.

Apr 25 – NATO bombard residential complex Gaddafi in Tripoli.

Apr. 30 – NATO bombing of Qaddafi’s new facility and kills his youngest son and three grandchildren.


May 8 – Qaddafi’s troops continue their attacks on all fronts especially in Misurata, where, according to AI, have committed war crimes.

16 May – The International Criminal Court requested an arrest warrant and his son Saif Gaddafi for crimes against humanity.

24 May – A new NATO attack in Tripoli, the highest since the start of its operations, causing 19 dead and 150 wounded, all civilians.

May 28 – NATO attacks in daylight near the palace and killed 11 people Gadhafi, according to the Libyan regime.

30 May – Gaddafi renewed his request for a ceasefire in talks with South African President.


June 7 – Rebels take Yafran, 100 km from Tripoli, a city that remained from the beginning of the conflict in the hands of the forces of Gaddafi.

June 8 – A group of Western nations and the Arab world met with insurgents in Abu Dhabi to discuss what the U.S. called the “end game” to Gaddafi.

June 15 – Libya approves a budget of 31 thousand 400 million dollars for the remainder of 2011 in an attempt to demonstrate that the country operates normally.

June 27 – The International Criminal Court issued arrest warrants for Gadhafi, his son Saif al-Islam and the intelligence chief Abdullah al-Senussi, accused of crimes against humanity.


July 1 – About 1.2 million people have fled since the conflict began.

July 15 – The rebel CNT is recognized by the United States as the legitimate government of Libya in a contact group meeting Libyan Turkey.


Aug 9 – At least 85 civilians die in NATO air raid near Zliten, east of Tripoli.

Aug 10 – EU formally adopts the fifth round of sanctions against Tripoli.

Aug 12 – Rebels announce to be at the gates of Tripoli, having taken Brega and Zauiya refinery, the main energy sources of the regime.

Aug 20 – Lots of explosions and gunfire broke out in Tripoli after a series of defeats leave Gaddafi forces trapped in the Libyan capital.

Aug 21 – NATO bombed Qaddafi’s headquarters and an airport in Tripoli, while the rebels enter the capital, where they control 95 percent of the city. Gaddafi Libyans call to defend Tripoli. Two of Gadhafi’s sons were arrested.

22 Aug – Gaddafi’s whereabouts is a mystery because there is speculation that is in a hospital near Tripoli have fled to South Africa. United States believed that Qaddafi is in Libya.

– A third son of Libyan leader is arrested by the rebels.

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